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This section features public documents and files uploaded by the stakeholders and custodians of the Caspian Sea environment.

Displaying 1 - 4 of 4 by last published
  • 4-th National Report of Tehran Сonvention for 2010
    Wed, 26/09/2018 - 17:50
  • Document

    4-th National Report of Tehran Сonvention for 2010

    Metadata
    Year
    2013
  • National Convention Action Plan NCAP - 2013
    Thu, 17/05/2018 - 06:59
    Introduction Notion of NCAP Objective Relationships among NCAP, SCAP and Framework Convention Scope of application/geographical scope Chapter 1.Prevention, reduction and control of pollution (Article 7 to 13) Chapter 2.Protection, preservati
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  • Document

    National Convention Action Plan NCAP - 2013

    Description

    Introduction

    Notion of NCAP

    • Objective

            • Relationships among NCAP, SCAP and Framework Convention

    • Scope of application/geographical scope

    • Chapter 1.Prevention, reduction and control of pollution (Article 7 to 13)
    • Chapter 2.Protection, preservation and restoration of the marine environment

    (Article 14 to 16)

    • Chapter 3. Procedural actions (Article 17 to 21)

    • Chapter 4.

      • NPPS

            • Notion of NPPS

          • NCAP vs. NPPS or action vs. strategy

          • Legal-formal basis for NPPS

          • Main areas/directions to achieve public participation

          • Organizational mechanisms ensuring public participation

          • Main directions/spheres for local public participation

          • Conclusion

        • Conclusion

     

    Introduction

    Notion of NCAP

    NCAP is meant to represent a set of actions as well as guiding activities envisaged to put in effect the relevant provisions of the Framework Convention on the protection of marine environment of the Caspian Sea.

    While NCAP is considered to be mainly the action–oriented document it should also leave a reasonable margin of flexibility to enrich the list of actions in the course of implementation process, as needed, without any harm to its directing nature and guiding specificity.

    Objective

    Its characteristic aspect is to qualitatively achieve the implementation of actions and guiding activities to serve the objective of the Framework Convention with due regard to the SCAP which equally follows the same purpose.

    In this regard one should pay attention to the relationship between NCAP and Framework Convention, on the one hand, and, relationship between NCAP and SCAP, on the other. Framework Convention is legally binding document, and thus, it is starting point for the national actions and activities for all Parties. While SCAP is also one single document for the States-Parties, it is rather of guiding nature due to the fact that “the basic framework of the SCAP mirrors the layout of the Framework Convention”. Furthermore, States-Parties are not expected to implement SCAP so that the Framework Convention is implemented. The State Parties will instrumentalize NCAP to implement Framework Convention and will take into account SCAP as guiding document to easen the task of State-Parties on how to formulate the NCAP. Henceforth, it has to be apprehended in this meaning that the NCAP is supposed to be a means for the implementation of SCAP.

    To understand this unique relationship among NCAP-SCAP-Framework Convention one may draw the attention to another point. Framework Convention is an indefinite legal document, contrary SCAP has its time frame. Thus, the completion of duration of SCAP will not necessarily entail the automatic senselessness of adoption of NCAP for the purposes of the Framework Convention while if the latter expires its time of effectiveness such an NCAP will loose its meaning.

    Last but not the least, NCAP is mostly action-oriented document with concrete targets. Against this background, SCAP mainly sets strategy for the implementation of Convention leaving aside the margin of appreciation for the detailed actions and activities for each State-Party’s national actors and their counter-partners.

    Scope of application/Geographic scope

    Geographic scope of NCAP accords with the scope of application of the Framework Convention and SCAP, respectively. Framework Convention in Article 3 defines marine environment of the Caspian Sea, taking into account its water level fluctuations, and pollution from land-based sources as areas for application. Article 26 (implementation of the Convention) mentions Contracting Parties’ territories and areas under their jurisdiction for the implementation of the provisions of the Framework Convention. To this end, proceeding from Articles 3 and 26 read in conjunction NCAP is to be realized within national boundaries on the land and in the Caspian Sea, e.g. within the territory and under the jurisdiction of the respective State-Party, accordingly.

    Chapter 1

    Prevention, reduction and control of pollution

    While Protocol on Land-Based Sources of Pollution has been recently finalized at expert level but has not been yet signed neither entered into force, this does not preclude States Parties from taking actions about prevention, reduction and control of pollution of the Caspian Sea, especially those from land based sources and activities pursuant to the Framework Convention.

     

    Aim: To take actions, as necessary, about adoption/signature and eventual entry into force of the Protocol on Land-Based Sources of Pollution to the Framework Convention

    Action: To take part in negotiations and discussions on details of its adoption/signature and subsequently start-up of domestic procedure for entry into force of the Protocol for Azerbaijan

    Entities to be involved for this action: MENR, MFA, NGO and other related entities

    Expected time-frame: 2011-201(2)

     

    Undertake local land-based source assessments in the areas near the Caspian Sea

    Aim: Local land-based source assessments (point and diffuse sources) in the areas near the Caspian Sea aimed at determining the localities of high pollution concern

    Entities to be involved for this action: MENR, ME, AZERSU SC, NGO

    Expected time-frame: 2012-201(4)

     

    Aim: Undertake a comprehensive land-based source assessment regarding the areas near the Caspian Sea
    Action: Comprehensive land-based source assessments (on the basis of point and diffuse sources) regarding the areas near the Caspian Sea drawing the general picture of pollution concerned areas and listing them according to the prioritization
    Action: Development of prioritized investment programme(s)
    Action:Identification of oil polluted territories in oil and gas production sites, groundwaters,waste contaminated sites and development of a large scale environmental map of the Absher on peninsular
    Action:Upgrade of existing and establishment of new laboratories for the assessment of LBS pollution
    Entities to be involved for this action: MENR, ME, NGO, AZERSU SC

    Expected time-frame: 2014-201(7)

    2014-201(7)

    2014-201(7)

    2014-201(5)

     

    Aim: Reduce pollution from existing and decommissioned coastal and offshore oil and gas facilities, including the re-sealing of well heads.

    Action: Decreased hydrocarbon pollution from existing and decommissioned facilities

    Action: Prevention of leaks from well sand pipelines and other facilities

    Action: Construction of a treatment facility at the exit of the canal(s) in order to reduce discharge of oil polluted waste in the sea 

    Entities to be involved for this action: MENR, NGO

    Expected time-frame:

    2012-2014

    2012-2014

    2012-2014

     

    Aim: Establish ship borne waste reception/treatment facilities in all major ports

    Action: Functional waste reception/treatment ship borne facilities with standardized management practices and enforcement

    Entities to be involved for this action: MENR, MED, MF, MA, State Caspian Shipping Company, SOCAR,NGO

    Expected time-frame: 2013-2017

     

     

    Aim: Prevention and response to emergency situations

    Action: Adoption of operational national oil spill contingency plans, harmonized with the industry mutual aid plans

    Entities to be involved for this action: CM, MENR, ME, MEI

    Expected time-frame: 2013-2019

     

     

    Aim: Develop and initiate implementation of a marine pollution control and reduction strategy

    Action: Development of the marine pollution control and reduction strategy, adoption of the strategy and initiation of its implementation

    Entities to be involved for this actionMENR, NAS, NGO

    Expected time-frame: 2012-2017

     

     

    Chapter 2

     

    Protection, preservation and restoration of the marine environment

    The fact that the EIA Protocol has not been yet part of the international legislation for the State-Parties to regulate the activities in and for the Caspian Sea’s marine environment should not affect the relevant actions at national level.

     

    Aim:Carry out national activities to identify, protect, restore and manage natural spawning grounds for sturgeon and other commercially valuable anadromous species, including development of a financial strategy for their protection.

    Action: Rehabilitation and protection of spawning grounds

    Action: Increase in numbers and diversity of fish using spawning grounds

    Entities to be involved for this actionMENR, NAS, MF, NGO

    Expected time-frame: 2013-2017

    2015-2018

     

     

    Aim: Increase sturgeon hatchery efficiency and capacity through improvement of bio-techniques and fry growth technology as well as enhancing scales of their production.

    Action:Increase the amount of sturgeon fingerlings released from hatcheries

    Action: Increase fingerling survival rate

    Action: Capacity built in hatcheries to maintain brood stocks alive in hatcheries

    Entities to be involved for this actionMENR, NAS

    Expected time-frame:

    2012-2017

    2012-2017

    2012-2017

     

     

    Aim: Strengthen scientific exchanges on improving hatchery efficiency and the creation of a gene bank for anadromous fish.

    Action: establishment of anadromous fish gene pool

    Entities to be involved for this actionMENR, NAS

    Expected time-frame: 2013-2017

     

     

    Aim: Scientific studies on number and living state of the Caspian seals

    Action: Preparing reports on the state of population of the Caspian seals

    Action: Expeditions to research seals

    Entities to be involved for this actionMENR, NAS, NGOs

    Expected time-frame: 2012-2017

     

     

    Aim: Identify and assess key threatened and endangered species status and publish results

    Action: Publishing a Red Book of Azerbaijan containing a list of threatened key Caspian species and their status as of interest for national actions

    Entities to be involved for this actionMENR, NAS, NGOs

    Expected time-frame: 2012-2017

     

     

    Aim: Ensure adequate legal protection for key threatened and endangered species

    Action: Strengthening the existing national-legislative basis for the protection of threatened species

    Entities to be involved for this action: ММ, MENR, NAS, NGO, MJ

    Expected time-frame: 2012-2017

     

     

    Aim: Develop compliance, enforcement and monitoring mechanisms for sturgeon fisheries and minimize illegal catch and trade

    Action: Reduction in the level of illegal catch and trade by means of improved compliance, enforcement and monitoring mechanisms

    Entities to be involved for this actionMENR, MED, NBSS, MIA

    Expected time-frame: 2012-2017

     

     

    Aim: Improve life quality of coastal population

    Action: Organization of stage by stage water supply for the coastal Caspian communities including those living along the Kurand Araz rivers: establishment of mobile water treatment facilities in the coastal villages

    Entities to be involved for this actionMENR, MED

    Expected time-frame: 2012-2017

     

     

    Aim: Programmes in place to promote alternative livelihoods in all coastal fishing communities

    Action: Programmes in place to promote alternative livelihoods in all coastal fishing communities

    Entities to be involved for this action: MED, MENR, МH

    Expected time-frame: 2012-2017

     

    Aim: Development of a set of sea level fluctuation scenarios accounting for climate change over the next fifty years

    Action: Development of a set of sea level fluctuation scenarios accounting for climate change over the next fifty years

    Entities to be involved for this actionMENR, NAS, MED, NGO

    Expected time-frame: 2012-2017

     

     

    Aim: Development of guidelines for adaptive management for sea level fluctuation and climate change

     

    Action: Participation in the development andadoptionof guidelines for adaptive management for sea level fluctuation and climate change

     

    Entities to be involved for this actionMENR, NAS, MFA, NGO

     

    Expected time-frame: 2012-2017

     

     

     

    Chapter 3 - Procedural actions

     

    Articles of the Framework Convention from 17 to 21 are of procedural nature. However, it has been a stand-point that while drafting the NCAP certain actions and activities might relate to procedures which is very advisable. It is true that many of such actions have to be realized mutually. Cooperation in developing protocols (Article 17(3)), cooperation in formulating, elaborating and harmonizing rules, standards, recommendations, practices and procedures (Article 18(1)), cooperation in the conduct of research (Article 20), as well as exchange of information (Article 21) encourages States-Parties’ national actors for common or mutual\joint actions. Thus, it is correct that those actions that are envisaged in previous Chapters do not necessarily need to cover procedural issues. However, it might be also advisable to touch upon the procedural aspects of foreseen actions and activities in relevant part(s) to put them under the comprehensive focus. Therefore, at the next stage of writing a full-fledged NCAP paper this very pertinent point will be taken into due account.


     

    Chapter 4 - NPPS

            • Notion of NPPS

    NCAP vs. NPPS or action vs. strategy

    National Public Participation Strategy is a priori strategy setting paper. It can be qualified as a part of NCAP since its legal as well as formal standing derives from the Framework Convention. Here, the most important question that might logically arise is whether or not strategy setting paper can be part of paper of action-oriented nature? The answer is that while NPPS is about the strategy how the public will participate in relevant process and to which extend it equally presumes the forthcoming actions according to the strategy defined in advance.

    Furthermore, Article 21 of the Framework Convention is also general enough making the State-Parties’ national actors to set firstly strategy. Thus, it also leaves the actions for each and every State-Parties’ national actors to put them in effect in pursuance of the general strategy.

    At the same time, the degree of generalization or concretization of various parts of such a paper will a posteriori much depend on the national preferences and priorities of civil society actors.

    To this end, aim of the NPPS is to ensure the participation in the environmental processes countrywide/regionwide by the public through the broad awareness-raising consistent with the relevant provisions of the Framework Convention on the protection of marine environment of the Caspian Sea and the Strategic Convention Action Program.

     

            • Legal-formal basis for NPPS

     

    “The Contracting Parties shall endeavour to ensure public access to environmental conditions of the Caspian Sea, measures taken or planned to be taken to prevent, control and reduce pollution of the Caspian Sea in accordance with their national legislation and taking into account provisions of existing international agreements concerning public access to environmental information”

    SCAP is a guiding paper for the purposes of NCAP drafting. Henceforth, it also serves formal basis for NPPS.

    Moreover, to the extend of relevance other applicable international agreements in force concerning public access to environmental information to which country in question is a party and national legislation are amongst the legal basis for NPPS.

     

            • Main areas/directions to achieve public participation

            • Organizational mechanisms ensuring public participation

            • Main directions/spheres for local public participation

            • Conclusion

     

    NPPS as a part of NCAP should benefit from concretization observed in NCAP’s content. It has to identify the non-exhaustive directions for actions to follow, thus enabling to supplement the suggested directions with new one. NPPS has to be complementary to NCAP and they have to be mutually reinforcing.

     

    Conclusions

    NCAP is an action-oriented plan. It includes the targets and envisages the concrete results within the anticipated time-frame. Nevertheless, it is not supposed to provide an exhaustive listing of all possible actions. Convention Action Plan is of progressive nature and represents the current momentum of evolving process. Therefore, it does by no means exclude other additional actions deemed necessary for the purposes of implementation of the Framework Convention. It leaves all further deliberations and decisions thereafter for the national players to take in order for better advancing the large Conventional process within national boundaries both on land and in the Caspian Sea.

    One should always bear in mind that the most important thing what counts is an action and result. Marine environment of the Caspian Sea necessitates such an action or a set of actions and activities in the sea and on soil. Thus, it is logical to conclude that NCAP is a minimum of what the national actors might do. It is presumably bottom line of large and constant process at national level directed towards meeting Conventional streams. 

    Attached documents
  • Metadata
    Year
    2013
  • 6-th National Report of the Russian Federation under the Tehran Convention 2013
    Sun, 22/04/2018 - 07:29
    Национальный доклад Российской Федерации по Тегеранской конвенции за 2013 г . ПРИ подготовке была систематизирована и обобщена информация по программам и планам по решению экологических проблем Каспия, проведен сравнительный анализ федеральных и региональных целевых программ развития , выявлены изменения в нормативном правов
  • Document

    6-th National Report of the Russian Federation under the Tehran Convention 2013

    Description

    Национальный доклад Российской Федерации по Тегеранской конвенции за 2013 г . ПРИ подготовке была систематизирована и обобщена информация по программам и планам по решению экологических проблем Каспия, проведен сравнительный анализ федеральных и региональных целевых программ развития , выявлены изменения в нормативном правовом и институциональном обеспечении реализации Тегеранской конвенции в Российской Федерации , а также основные тенденции в деятельности, направленной на реализацию положений указанной Конвенции и протоколов к ней . 

    В связи с подписанием в 2012 г. Протокола по защите морской среды Каспийского моря от загрязнения из наземных источников и в результате осуществляемой на суше деятельности к Тегеранской конвенции (Московский протокол) и необходимости осуществления национальных процедур по его вступлению в силу, а также с завершением согласования и подготовкой к подписанию Протокола о сохранении биологического разнообразия к Тегеранской конвенции (Ашхабадский протокол) в национальном докладе за 2013 г. основной акцент исследования был сделан на рассмотрении современных проблем загрязнения окружающей среды региона Северного Каспия , включая подробное рассмотрение проблематики загрязнения из наземных источников, а также на защите и рациональном использовании биологических ресурсов и сохранении биоразнообразия региона . 

    Metadata
    Year
    2013
  • Statistical Pocketbook of Russia 2013
    Sun, 22/04/2018 - 06:49
    he statistical pocketbook gives concise information related to social and economic development of Russia in 2012 as compared to the previous year. The information is presented in accordance with the data of the Federal State Statistics Service and other ministeries and agencies of the Russian Federation. Main indicators da
  • Document

    Statistical Pocketbook of Russia 2013

    Description

    he statistical pocketbook gives concise information related to social and economic development of Russia in 2012 as compared to the previous year.

    The information is presented in accordance with the data of the Federal State Statistics Service and other ministeries and agencies of the Russian Federation.

    Main indicators data is provided reflecting demographic processes, labour market, social field and living standard, trade, financial situation, external economic activities. Information is provided related to selected economic activities in accordance with RCEA. Main social and economic indicators by the federal districts of the Russian Federation are presented.

     

    2012 data on some of indicators is preliminary and is subject to further revisions.

    Metadata
    Year
    2013